Fluorocarbon – Fishing Line Basics


Fluorocarbon Fishing lineToday we are going to start taking a look at the differences between the three types of fishing line. For some of you, this will be old information, but for many of you…there are aspects of your line you never considered or realized. Let’s start with Fluorocarbon (Floro)

Fluorocarbon line started out in the saltwater fishing industry and was used in situations that required heavy duty leader.  In recent years, it has become popular in freshwater fishing for a variety of reasons.  Being a synthetic material, it tends to be a denser, heavier line when compared to other type lines of similar size. This is one of the major factors in how it acts in the water.

Visibility – One of the things anglers love about Fluorocarbon is that it is nearly invisible in the water, and refracts light at nearly the same rate as water.  This is particularly important if you are fishing lightly stained or clear water. An added benefit of the low-vis aspect of Fluorocarbon is that it allows you to use a thicker line if needed with no visibility issues.

Sensitivity – When comparing Mono, Floro, and Braid…Floro lands in the middle of the sensitivity scale. Because it is more densely packed, anglers are able to feel more of whats happening on the other end of the line.

Water Absorption – Did you know that a plastic fishing line can absorb water? Neither did I. But because it doesn’t, Floro maintains its strength and sensitivity throughout the day.

Durability – It is the most abrasion resistant, and withstands UV light better than mono.

Stretch – Because it is more tightly packed than mono, it doesn’t stretch as much, which means that setting the hook after a long cast packs more of a punch than mono.

It sinks: This can be a good thing or a bad thing depending on the type of lure you’re using.  Tip: When I first started fishing, I could never remember which one sinks, Floro or Mono. Just remember…Floro hits the floor.

The Downsides:

    • More expensive than Mono, but this can be offset by using a Floro leader, or Mono backing.
    • Because it’s denser and stiffer, it also has more memory and is more difficult to manage. The cheaper the line, the more of an issue this becomes.
    • Because it sinks, it’s not the best for top water lures or small mid water baits.
    • You can burn a Fluoro line if you don’t wet the knot when cinching it down. It’s almost guaranteed to fail.

The reason I have spotlighted Berkley’s Vanish is that it is one color above water and another color below the water. How? The UV light causes the line to shift to a visible color above the water, but under water…it remains virtually invisible.

Keep an eye out for our write-ups on Mono and Braid.

Click here to see our other fishing tips. Check back Friday for part 2.

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